The Type Of Vision Problems And Their Prevention
The type of vision problems and their prevention
The eyes are the most sensitive and essential part of the body as your vision depends on them. Any eye disease symptoms can make life uncomfortable. There are numerous eye diseases that can affect anyone. Some may be contagious and curable, while others may be more permanent.
If you notice the slightest of symptoms for a long duration of time, you need to consult a doctor.
What are the types of eye diseases?
There are several eye problems that can affect a person. Each of these occurs due to different causes and display a varied set of symptoms. However, you need to be aware of them so that you can take the right step toward getting them cured. Here’s a list of the most common eye problems – symptoms one can have.
- Refractive error: This will cause difficulty in seeing and can be corrected with glasses, lenses, or laser surgery in a few cases. It is common in older people and can even be genetic in many cases.
- Cataract: This is also known as clouded lenses. It mostly affects those above the age of 50. Cataract can be operated on and cured if detected in the initial stages. There are many treatments that can also help treat the condition.
- Optic nerve disorders: The most common one is glaucoma, which can affect any person. This is also a condition that is most often seen in older people.
- Retinal disorder: This is a disorder caused due to the damage or ill-functioning of the nerve that is at the back of the eye. There are several types of retinal disorders that can affect a person.
- Macular degeneration: This is a disease that destroys the central vision. The sharp vision of the person is damaged due to degeneration. It can even lead to a loss of eyesight.
- Diabetic eye problems: Those diagnosed with diabetes also have to face several other health problems, including eye problems – symptoms.
- Conjunctivitis: This is a condition that is caused due to a virus and leads to pink eye. It is a communicable disease and usually disappears completely within 1 or 2 weeks.
What are the common eye problems – symptoms?
When you start noticing a few symptoms in one or both the eyes, it is time for you to consult a doctor. Here are some of the main eye problems – symptoms:
- Itchy eyes
- Pain in the eyes
- Light sensitivity
- When you feel like something is there in your eye
- Painful and small lump under the eyelid
- Burning in the eyes
- Watering in the eyes
- Feeling of tenderness when you touch your eye
What are the causes of eye diseases?
There can be many reasons for eye diseases. The outcome of the condition can range anywhere from temporary discomfort to permanent loss of vision. It is important that eye diseases symptoms must not be ignored. There are 5 groups into which the causes for eye problems can be divided:
- Any injury to the eye or the surrounding region caused by an object or trauma.
- Diseases affecting the eye that are genetically inherited and may appear in the later stages. These diseases generally affect the functioning of the eye.
- Inflammation to the eye and the region surrounding it due to viral, bacterial, fungal, or parasitic infections.
- Diseases such as a migraine or diabetes, which also hamper the workings of the surrounding organs.
- External factors such as straining your eyes, an allergy, or side effects of medication may lead to eye problems – symptoms.
What are the sought-after treatments for eye diseases?
Treatments for eye problems aim at reducing inflammation and improving the eyesight. However, there are some problems that can be more complicated and may require immediate medical attention and even surgery. The treatment for eye diseases can be categorized as follows:
- Medications prescribed or bought over-the-counter
- Home treatments
- Glasses or lenses prescribed by a specialist
- A course of treatment for conditions that have affected the eye
How can eye diseases be prevented?
- While not all eye problems can be prevented, you can protect your eyes up to a certain extent.
- You can follow a healthy diet, prevent looking into a screen for too long, and protect your eyes with glasses.
- These steps can prevent a few external factors from causing eye problems – symptoms.
- Smoking and obesity are factors that can affect your eyes in the long run as well, so it’s better to avoid these.
- Frequent visits to the doctor can help detect any problem and eye problems – symptoms at an early stage, helping treat the problem.